That's the conclusion of a study that analyzed the records of more than 3,500 patients with elevated blood pressure treated in the emergency department of Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in New Jersey, which serves mainly black communities. Half of the patients had severe increases in blood pressure.
Patients who were male, 65 or older, or who had diabetes, chronic heart or kidney disease were at highest risk of developing extremely high blood pressure. These patients were also at a significantly higher risk for developing kidney failure, stroke, and a bleeding (hemorrhagic) stroke.
The study also found that low hemoglobin is a risk factor for severely elevated blood pressure.
"Anemia is common in people with high blood pressure, especially in those who have diabetes or kidney disease. Low hemoglobin was found to contribute to a severe rise in blood pressure, but further studies are needed" to fully explain the association between the two, said study co-author Irina Benenson. She's an assistant professor at Rutgers University's School of Nursing in Newark.
One-third of American adults have high blood pressure. Blacks have the highest rates and tend to develop it earlier in life, but they also have lower blood pressure control rates than other racial or ethnic groups, the researchers said.
"Extremely high blood pressure rates are an alarming and significant health concern for the African-American population," Benenson said in a Rutgers news release.
"Developing targeted interventions to control for the major risk factors [diabetes, chronic heart and kidney disease] may reduce the risk of drastic increases in blood pressure, and thus reduce the risk of organ damage as a result," she added.
Stress caused by job and housing struggles, social isolation and racism could also be factors in the higher rates of blood pressure in black Americans, Benenson said.
"These factors occur more often in African-Americans than in other racial groups, and it is proposed that chronic stress can activate stress hormones that constrict blood vessels and elevate blood pressure," she noted.
The study was published recently in the journal Blood Pressure.
The U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has more on high blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure Hits Urban Blacks Harder - Consumer HealthDay
That's the conclusion of a study that analyzed the records of more than 3,500 patients with elevated blood pressure treated in the emergency department of Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in New Jersey, which serves mainly black communities. Dependability was achieved by clearly stating the role of each research team member and teen kickboxer Scott Marsden’s death ’tragic fluke’ using the same protocol for each of the focus group. The use of reminders to take prescribed medications is one way some focus group participants said helps them overcome simply forgetting to take the medications. Some scientists believe that high blood pressure in African-Americans is due to factors unique to the experience of blacks in the.S. Treatment for...
Half of the patients had severe increases in blood pressure. Drugs used to treat high blood pressure include:Diuretics, which reduce iron Chelation: Not a Quick Fix for Brain Bleed Recovery the amount of fluid in your blood by helping your body rid itself of extra salt. Implications, the study supports the need for education on managing hypertension and medication side effects, early screening for depression in hypertensive African Americans, development of culturally sensitive hypertension educational material, and formation of support groups for promoting adherence to treatment among. Take steps now to find out more. Urban African American women are particularly challenged by psychosocial and behavioral risk factors for HBP including obesity, physical inactivity, low socio-economic status associated with low education and unemployment, lack of access (insurance) to proper health care, and discrimination. Confirmability was established by a trail of raw data in audio tapes, written transcripts and details on coding, analysis and evolving categories of factors influencing adherence to HBP treatment in African American women.