Between 2013 and 2017, the rate of syphilis infection among heterosexual men and women who use methamphetamine more than doubled, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report.
"While we don't know the precise role that substance use may play in syphilis increases, we do know that substance use, particularly methamphetamine and injection drug use, has been associated with sexual behaviors that increase risk of acquiring syphilis and other STDs," said lead researcher Dr. Sarah Kidd. She is a medical officer in the CDC's division of STD prevention.
It is the risky behaviors that tend to go along with drug use that make one vulnerable to STDs, Kidd noted. These include having multiple sex partners, practicing inconsistent condom use, and exchanging sex for drugs or money.
"We also know that substance use can hamper prevention efforts," Kidd added. People who use drugs may be less inclined to seek health services, and they may also be reluctant or unable to identify or locate sex partners, which can cause delays in diagnosis and treatment, she said.
For this report, CDC researchers collected data from heterosexual women and men and gay and bisexual men diagnosed with syphilis.
Kidd's team found that an increase in substance abuse among heterosexuals was linked to the rise in the disease.
Syphilis had been almost eradicated in the United States but began a dramatic increase in recent years, including among young women and newborns, the CDC said.
From 2013 to 2017, the syphilis rate among women increased nearly 156 percent, while it went up 66 percent among all men.
In 2017, nearly 17 percent of women with syphilis used methamphetamine, 10.5 percent used injection drugs, and 6 percent used heroin in the past year.
Kidd's group found a similar trend among heterosexual men, but not among gay men.
The increase in substance use among people diagnosed with syphilis mirrors dramatic nationwide increases in syphilis seen among women and heterosexual men in recent years, Kidd said.
"It is vitally important that we work to address the intersecting nature of these epidemics," she said.
Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, said that for people who use drugs, it's a lack of trust in the health care system that plays a role in not seeking medical care.
"These issues likely contribute to the increasing incidence of syphilis and create barriers to reducing syphilis transmission and prevention in at-risk communities," said Glatter, who wasn't involved with the study.
Programs that treat substance abuse need to also work with medical providers treating STDs, to help curb the recent increases in the heterosexual transmission of syphilis, he said.
"Providing screening for syphilis among persons engaged in heterosexual practices who also receive treatment for substance use disorder is essential in light of the findings of this study," Glatter said.
The report will be published Feb. 15 in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers more facts on syphilis.
Meth Abuse Driving Big Spike in breast cancer screening saved over 27,000 lives in 2018 Syphilis Cases Health
Its health department analyzed 25 cases of congenital syphilis in 2017 and determined that more than two-thirds of the mothers were using drugs, said Joe Prado, the countys community health division manager. If possible, please include the original author(s) simple drug formula regenerates brain cells and California Healthline in the byline. Getting a Handle on Meth Addiction in Washington State. Waste like this can be a sure sign of a meth lab, and can also poison alcohol use disorder: A step toward better treatment? nearby plants or water supplies when disposed of improperly. Smart Power: Climate Change, the Smart Grid, and the Future of Electric Utilities. Treatment for...
What is happening is that your brain has been chemically altered, and is now geared to opioids May Signal Poorer Outcomes for Heart Patients: Study put meth as your top priority, regardless of the consequences. Syphilis which had been nearly eradicated before its resurgence in recent years is treatable with antibiotics, but if left untreated it can lead to organ damage and even death. The county has started offering STD testing for people entering inpatient drug treatment facilities, Prado said. Kidd's team found that an increase in substance abuse among heterosexuals was linked to the rise in the disease. This vicious, rising cycle of abuse inevitably leads to a higher and higher risk of overdose. The top of the truck peeled off, exposing blue bins full of dough.